About Jeep Cars
The Jeep, a 4 x 4 offroad open sedan, was developed specifically for the U.S. military at the onset of World War II. The U.S. Army contacted over 100 vehicle manufacturers in early 1940 and requested design specifications for such a vehicle, but only two responded: Bantam Car Company and Willys-Overland. Bantam was the first to submit a prototype called the BRC, but the military was skeptical of the company’s ability to produce the necessary quantity, so he sent the Bantam design specs to Ford and Willy’s. Each company produced 1,500 models (Ford called it the Pygmy, Willys was called the Quad) for testing. In the end, all three companies were involved in producing vehicles, with Bantam supplying 1,700 of its design and Ford and Willy’s providing Willy’s design through a license agreement, eventually totaling 640,000 vehicles at between $650-$780 each.
The name Jeep was apparently derived from the military acronym G.P. for General Purpose, but “Jeep” had many meanings for military use going back to World War I. Willys-Overland filed for trademark on the name Jeep in 1943 but was denied, so they copyrighted it in 1946 after producing its first Civilian Jeep (CJ) models for the mass market. American Motors Corp. acquired the remnants of Willys from Kaiser in 1970 and was in 1971 the parent company of the Jeep’s Defense and Government Products Division, where the precursor of the Humvee was created, sparking legal wars with Chrysler Jeep over the rights to a specific grille design (7 vs. 9 slots). Chrysler eventually acquired Jeep from Renault after AMC was purchased by that company, but the subsequent design changes that introduced the Wrangler after the mid-1980s were not as successful as the early 1980s peak product, the Cherokee. After many changes in ownership, Jeep is currently owned by Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.
- Jeep Grand Cherokee is the most-recalled Jeep vehicle
- Jeep Comanche is the least expensive car from Jeep starting from $ 7,906.00
- Jeep Compass has an MPG of 24 - 26 miles/gallon / 27 - 30 miles/gallon which is the highest gas mileage in the city and on highways
- Jeep Gladiator has the most trims available with 339 variations released
Number of Jeep Sales in the United States
Jeep U.S. Sales Reports - By Month
Jeep Car Sales in The United States from 2015 to 2019
Average Pricing for Jeep Popular models
|Popular Jeep Models||Average Price|
|Grand Cherokee||$ 34,981.91|
|Wrangler JK||$ 30,960.11|
|Grand Wagoneer||$ 27,731.88|
Interesting Facts About Jeep
Production of Jeeps has always been centered on Toledo, Ohio, site of the original Willys-Overland plant. Parkways there are named for Willys and Jeep.
Automakers around the world have produced Jeeps through license agreements, including Mitsubishi in Japan, Mahindra in India, and EBRO in Spain. American Motors opened a plant in China in 1984.
Long Island, New York, is a location with a particularly high density of Jeep owners: in 2017, there were over 132,000 Jeeps (mostly Wrangler models) registered there.
Wranglers were not produced in a 1996 model year version. The company decided to do away with a briefly-used square headlight design after the 1995 model year, and when they resumed production, the new vehicles were all 1997 model year – with the iconic round headlight design.
In 2017 the website Cars.com listed the “most American” vehicles, and the Jeep Wrangler and Cherokee placed first and second because the majority of their parts (and employees) are made in the U.S.A.
The 1953 Willys-Overland Jeep was featured in a (New York) Museum of Modern Art display of functional art/design products alongside the Volkswagen Beetle and Smart Car. It was acclaimed for its utilitarian design and reliability.
When Bantam produced its prototype for the Army to inspect and evaluate, the vehicle was designed in 2 days then driven from the production facility in Pennsylvania to Washington D.C. to prove its worth. After military officials evaluated and authorized the production of Jeeps from Ford and Willys-Overland, a U.S. Senator drove one of the first vehicles up the steps of the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C. with soldiers in the rear seats to prove its strength and versatility.
Many features of the original Jeep were seriously functional: a groove and strap on the outside of the body were designed to hold a shovel and axe, and the round headlights were designed to rotate so they could be pointed to the sky, potentially signaling aircraft during wartime.
How to Identify and Decode Jeep VINs
World Manufacturer Identifier
The first three characters of any VIN are the World Manufacturer Identifier (WMI). This three-digit code represents the country of origin and the specific manufacturing company that built the vehicle. The WMI is assigned by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and is regulated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).
The NHTSA provides consumers with access to safety recalls through the free online NHTSA VIN recall lookup.
Jeep vehicles use the country of origin for the first portion of the WMI. Jeep vehicles will always have a 1, representing the United States.
The second digit will be the letter J, representing Jeep as the brand of manufacture.
The third character represents the vehicle type. Jeep vehicles may have one of the following codes:
|4||MPV w/o side air bags|
|8||MPV w/ side airbags|
Jeep uses positions four through eight to identify specific characteristics of the vehicle.
Position four represents the engine type or Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), depending on the year as noted below:
|H||2.5L 4-cyl Throttle Body Injection|
|U||2.5L 4-cyl Carburetor|
|1||8001 - 9000 lbs|
|A, G, N, V||4001 - 5000 lbs|
|B, H, P, X||5001 - 6000 lbs|
|C, J, R, Y||6001 - 7000 lbs|
|D, K, S, Z||7001 - 8000 lbs|
|E, L, T||8001 - 9000 lbs|
Position five provides information about transmission options or vehicle type, depending on the year as noted below:
|L||5-spd Manual Floor Shifter (Part Time 4WD)|
|X||4-spd Manual Floor Shifter (Part Time 4WD)|
|B||Auto w/ Floor Shifter (Part Time 4WD)|
|E||Auto Column Shifter (Part Time 4WD)|
|J||Auto Column Shifter (Full Time 4WD)|
|A||Auto Column Shifter (2WD)|
|A||Wrangler 4x4 (Left Hand Drive)|
|4||Wrangler 4x4 (Right Hand Drive)|
|A||Wrangler Left Hand Drive (4x4)|
|B||Wrangler Left Hand Drive (4x2)|
|E||Wrangler Right Drive (4x4) Export|
|Z||Wrangler Right Hand Drive (4x4) US mail & Canada|
Position six typically identifies the series or transmission options, depending on the model year as listed below:
|1987-1988 (Positions 6 & 7)|
|1989-1995 (Trim Level)|
|2007-2019 (Series and Transmission)|
|2||Sport or base model|
|3||Unlimited or Sport Unlimited|
|5||Sahara or Sahara Unlimited|
|6||Rubicon or Rubicon Extended|
|B||4-spd automatic VLP - Sales Code (DGV)|
|C||6-spd Manual - Sales Code (DEH)|
|E||5-spd automatic - Sales Code (DGQ)|
|W||5-spd Auto (Rubicon)|
Jeep vehicles use the seventh character to denote body style.
|9||2 Door Open Body|
|4, D||Open Body (JK 72)|
|9, H||Extended Open Body (JK 74)|
Jeep uses specific codes for the 2018-2019 Jeep JL Wrangler. The following codes apply only to that range of vehicles. These codes will be in positions five, six, and seven.
|JXA||2 Door Open Body||Left Hand Drive||Sport|
|JXD||4 Door Open Body||Unlimited Sport|
|JXG||2 Door Open Body||Right Hand Drive||Sport|
|JXK||4 Door Open Body||Unlimited Sport|
Jeep vehicles use the digit in position eight to denote the engine installed by the factory. The following codes are used:
|J or M||3001-4000lbs|
|1 or 2||4001-5000lbs|
|H||2.5L Leaded Gas|
|5||2.8L 4-cyl Diesel|
|9||2.8L 4-cyl Turbo Diesel|
The character in the ninth position is known as the check digit. It will be a number between 0-9, or the letter X. This character represents the result of an algorithm that can be used to check the validity of a VIN on any U.S. vehicle.
Position 10 will denote the model year the vehicle was produced.
Position 11 denotes the specific factory that produced the Jeep vehicle. Jeep factory codes are below:
|J||Brampton, Ontario, Canada|
|L||Toledo, Ohio Plant #1|
|P||Toledo, Ohio Plant #2|
|L||Toledo, Ohio Plant #1|
|P||Toledo, Ohio Plant #2|
|L||Toledo, Ohio South Assembly|
|W||Toledo, Ohio North Assembly|
The characters in positions 12 through 17 are the unique serial number that identifies the vehicle, much like a fingerprint. Serial numbers are not consecutive, and a lower number does not represent an early production vehicle.
Safety and Recalls for Jeep Cars
The clutch pedal position switches in 2006 Jeep Wrangler and Jeep Liberty vehicles manufactured July 1, 2005, to July 31, 2006, were recalled in 2015. These switches may break, allowing the vehicle to lurch when started, even with the clutch engaged.
In 2014 Chrysler issued a recall for ignition switches in 2005-2007 Jeep Grand Cherokee vehicles manufactured February 11, 2004, to July 5, 2007, and 2006-2007 Jeep Commander vehicles manufactured January 31, 2005, to July 5, 2007. By replacing the switches, the manufacturer believes it will eliminate the danger of the driver bumping the key and turning the engine off.
Front airbag deployment systems may malfunction and were therefore recalled in 2015 for the following models:
- 2002-2003 Jeep Liberty vehicles manufactured January 9, 2001, to March 28, 2003, and March 29, 2003, to July 3, 2003, and
- 2004 Jeep Grand Cherokee vehicles manufactured February 13, 2001, to May 23, 2003, and May 27, 2003, to May 20, 2004.
In 2016 Chrysler issued a recall of airbag inflators affected by humidity and temperature fluctuations in a certain model year:
- 2007-2012 Jeep Wrangler vehicles originally sold, or ever registered, in AL, CA, FL, GA, HI, LA, MS, SC, TX, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands (Saipan), and the U.S. Virgin Islands, or “Zone A.”
- 2007-2009 Jeep Wrangler vehicles originally sold, or ever registered, in AZ, AR, DE, Washington D.C., IL, IN, KS, KY, MD, MO, NE, NV, NJ, NM, NC, OH, OK, PA, TN, VA, and WV, or “Zone B.”
- 2007-2008 Jeep Wrangler vehicles originally sold, or registered, in AK, CO, CT, ID, IA, ME, MA, MI, MN, MT, NH, NY, ND, OR, RI, SD, UT, VT, WA, WI, and WY.
A clockspring mechanism in the driver’s side airbag assembly on 2007-2010 Jeep Wrangler JK vehicles manufactured March 2, 2006, to August 13, 2010, has been recalled. Unless the necessary repair/replacement is made, dust within the mechanism can cause the airbag to malfunction.
Jeep had 1209 from 1980 to 2020 of which the most recalled model is 2018 Jeep Cherokee and the least is 1988 Jeep Grand Wagoneer. Jeep had the most recalled during 2014.
|Model||Number of Recalls|
|2018 Jeep Cherokee #1 with most recalls||9|
|1991 Jeep Cherokee #2 with most recalls||9|
|2009 Jeep Wrangler #3 with most recalls||7|
|1993 Jeep Wrangler #4 with most recalls||5|
|2012 Jeep Liberty #5 with most recalls||4|
|2003 Jeep Wrangler #6 with most recalls||4|
|2018 Jeep Renegade #7 with most recalls||3|
|2010 Jeep Liberty #8 with most recalls||2|
|1990 Jeep Comanche #9 with most recalls||2|
|2007 Jeep Wrangler #10 with most recalls||11|
|2006 Jeep Liberty #11 with most recalls||11|
|2003 Jeep Grand Cherokee #12 with most recalls||11|
|1999 Jeep Grand Cherokee #13 with most recalls||10|
|1988 Jeep Grand Wagoneer #14 with most recalls||1|